Through the harvesting of our forests, we anticipate amassing large volumes of biomass grade timber (tree tops and branches), which is not suitable for timber production. This biomass is chipped?and the larger-sized logs are graded for sawn timber production.
To avoid shipping large amounts of cellulose wood chips around the world to power utilities, paper producer’s and chipboard manufacturers, we plan to eventually build our own power generation facilities on site.
After all, transporting low-grade low-value chips overseas will generate no real income and will only make shipping companies wealthy. The power utilities are fuelled with our own wood chips and sawmill waste to produce electrical energy, which we will sell directly to local power companies, on contract.
-The biomass is burnt primarily to produce steam, which drives a turbine to produce 30% electrical energy efficiency.
-The heat produced is then recycled and recovered in a cogeneration plant to obtain up to 45% of electrical energy.
-The remaining waste heat can then be used in our other production facilities to dry timber and heat water, and thus optimize efficiency.
-By burning wood instead of fossil fuels to produce the energy we are carbon neutral, therefore?we create zero impact on the environment.
-Contributing to the reduction of CO2 generates CER credits under the Kyoto protocol mechanism. These credits are
valuable commodities which we trade on the international carbon markets. In addition to the power sold, we anticipate that eventually, we could produce sufficient electrical energy to power all of our own on site operations, making us totally self-sufficient and energy effective.
Whenever possible we also build and operate “Run of the river” hydro power which relies on the natural flow of a waterway and involves placing small, mini, or micro hydro turbines into running waterways and is achieved without the construction of large dams. Run of river hydro usually involves a low-level diversion weir or a streambed intake and is usually located on a fast flowing, non-seasonal stream or river. This form of hydro power generation has the zero impact on the environment. Hydro power turbine generators are very efficient when compared to wind turbine generators and solar panels.
Amazonas Biomass is used to create energy through a process called gasification. Gasification is the breaking down of carbon-based materials by applying extreme temperatures in an oxygen-starved environment to create a high-energy gas. The high temperatures and limited oxygen radically reduce harmful emissions compared to either incineration or landfills. It works much like covering a candle with a jar, without oxygen, the material can’t burn.
Gasification has been used as a more efficient and cleaner method than traditional “burn” or combustion processes to generate energy for over a century.
The primary output from gasification is a clean synthetic gas called “syngas,” similar in properties to natural gas or propane. Syngas has many commercial uses including electricity generation, biofuels production and powering hydrogen fuel cells.
In addition, gasification has other advantages over burning:
-Greater reduction of waste volume: 90-95% reduction vs 60-70% reduction
-Higher energy efficiency
-More effectively detoxifies hazardous materials
-A sustainability process ensures that the absolute minimal amounts of Emissions are created from the entire gasification process.
The production of Amazonas biomass is part of a sustainable process to maximize efficiencies and minimize any waste and emissions.
a. Remaining flue gases are captured and sent to a plasma arc to heat a boiler where hot water is sent throughout the community providing perpetual hot water.
b. Any remaining CO2 is sent to algae ponds to feed algae that produce bio-diesel.
c. Hot and cold water is sent throughout the community. This water is captured in sewage containment where the solids and liquids are separated.
a. Solid waste is sent to an aerobic digester for methane gas production.
b. This gas is captured for additional feedstock in energy production.
c. The excess solids are taken out and dried before being sent to the gasifier for syngas production.
a. Liquids are processed to clear remaining impurities and sent to algae ponds to feed algae in biodiesel production.
b. Water is stiffened from the algae ponds to feed hydroponic food production where 3 acres can produce enough food to feed 10,000 people.